Afghan political movement created and led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and Maulavi Yunus Khales. Active in the Afghan war, 1978–92. Broken into factions. Ideology combines scriptural fundamentalism with revolutionary practice. Was supported financially, logistically, and militarily by Iran, Pakistan, and the United States until the collapse of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Was excluded from the Islamically oriented coalition government that came to power in 1992.