Overview

Ho Chi Minh

(1890—1969)


'Ho Chi Minh' can also refer to...

Dixee R. Bartholomew-Feis. The OSS and Ho Chi Minh: Unexpected Allies in the War against Japan. (Modern War Studies.) Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 2006. Pp. x, 435. $34.95

Environmental Predictors and Incubation Period of AIDS-Associated Penicillium marneffei Infection in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Epidemiology, Seasonality, and Predictors of Outcome of AIDS-Associated Penicillium marneffei Infection in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

High Prevalence of GB Virus C/Hepatitis G Virus in Healthy Persons in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890?–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969)

Ho Chi Minh (b. 19 May 1890)

Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)

Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail

John Prados. The Blood Road: The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Vietnam War. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1999. Pp. xvi, 432. $35.00

Norovirus and Sapovirus Infections among Children with Acute Gastroenteritis in Ho Chi Minh City during 2005–2006

The oss and Ho Chi Minh: Unexpected Allies in the War against Japan

Sandra C. Taylor. Vietnamese Women at War: Fighting for Ho Chi Minh and the Revolution. (Modern War Studies.) Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 1999. Pp. x, 170. $29.95

Sophie Quinn-Judge. Ho Chi Minh: The Missing Years 1919–1941. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 2002. Pp. xii, 356. $39.95

Surveillance of Transmitted HIV Drug Resistance Using Matched Plasma and Dried Blood Spot Specimens From Voluntary Counseling and Testing Sites in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2007–2008

 

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Quick Reference

(b. 19 May 1890, d. 3 Sept. 1969).

President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 1945–69

Rise to power

Born Nguyen Tat Thanh as the son of a local scholar in Kim Lienh (central Annam), he was educated at the National Academy (Quac Hoc). In 1911, he travelled to Europe as a ship's steward. In 1918 he went to work as a socialist journalist in Paris, and in 1920 he became a founding member of the French Communist Party. Expelled from France in 1923, he went to Moscow and then to south China in 1924, where he recruited Vietnamese exiles to Communism, under the banner of the Communist Youth League of Vietnam. This was transformed in 1930, under his direction, into the Communist Party of Indochina, which was fiercely repressed after uprisings in 1930–1. At this time he was in Hong Kong, where he was briefly imprisoned, before returning to Vietnam to build up the Communist Party into the main oppositional force to French colonial rule. Back in China from 1938, together with other Communist exiles such as Vo Nguyen Giap he founded the Vietminh Front in 1941. In 1943 he again returned in secret to Vietnam, where he began to recruit Vietminh guerrilla fighters and to organize resistance to the Japanese, adopting the name Ho Chi Minh.

In power

Upon the defeat of the Japanese in 1945 he proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on 2 September, of which he became President and (until 1955) Prime Minister. The new state was never recognized by the French, who now sought to re‐establish colonial control. Helped by his military commander, Vo Nguyen Giap, he won the ensuing Indochina War through his capacity to inspire and generate popular support. By his authority alone he managed to convince the more radical members of his party to accept the compromise of the Geneva Agreements, which left him only in control of Vietnam north of the 17th Parallel. In this territory, he established a socialist regime, while striving to undermine the South Vietnamese government in any way possible. He managed to keep the support of both the Soviet Union and China as he led the country through the first years of the Vietnam War. Though stern and authoritarian, he was known as ‘Uncle Ho’ among his people. Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in 1975.

Subjects: contemporary history (post 1945) — warfare and defence.


Reference entries

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