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Although hoes were used to destroy weeds in earlier times and Jethro Tull was experimenting with horse‐drawn cultivators in the 1720s, hoeing either by hand or by horse‐drawn machine was not a widespread practice in the fields until the second quarter of the 19th century, though it was usual much earlier in market gardens and when growing special crops like woad. During the 19th century hoeing gradually became normal for wheat, beans, and roots in spring and early summer.

Subjects: History.

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