Hendrik Hoeimaker


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(b Tournai, 22 Dec 1559; d Ghent, 11 Nov 1626). Flemish architect and Jesuit brother. The son of a master bricklayer, he followed his father's trade. When he was 26 he joined the Jesuit order and lived in various towns in the southern Netherlands, where from 1587 he built numerous colleges and churches for his order. He both drew up the plans and participated in the construction, as did his confrère Peter Huyssens. His buildings, conceived within the Late Gothic tradition, were erected before the advent of early Baroque in the Netherlands. His preference was for vaulted three-aisled churches whose finishing details often betray a Renaissance influence. From his sketchbook (Ghent, Stadsbib.) it appears that he knew the work of Philibert de L’Orme. His most important works were the college church at Tournai (1601–4), the only work of his still intact, and the flamboyant Gothic college church at Ghent (1605–19; destr.). Set into the gable of the church at Tournai is a Renaissance portal of 1603. In May 1606 work started on the Jesuit church in Brussels, for which Hoeimaker had produced the initial plans. After the intercession of Franciscus Aguilonius, Rector Johannes van Wintershoven allowed the court architect Jacques Francart (?1583–1651) to complete the church in 1616. Francart's intervention led to the rejection of Gothic in favour of Baroque, a significant turning-point in the history of southern Netherlandish architecture.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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