the ‘Apostle of Vienna’. The son of a grazier and butcher, he joined the Redemptorists in 1784. Unable to found a house in Vienna because of the anti-religious Josephinist legislation, he went to Warsaw. When he was driven from Warsaw by Napoleon in 1808, he returned to Vienna. Here his influence extended from the highest to the lowest, counteracting the effects of Josephinism and the Enlightenment. Feast day, 15 Mar.