Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff


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A Dutch chemist, and winner of the 1901 Nobel Prize for chemistry for his work on the relationship between osmotic pressure and vapour pressure, van't Hoff was professor of chemistry, mineralogy, and geology at Amsterdam University and later an honorary professor at the Prussian Academy of Sciences. His work on phase equilibria (see phase diagram), involving six components of sea water at a range of temperatures, contributed much to the study of sedimentary processes and in particular provided a theoretical basis for understanding the formation of salt deposits.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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