Lancelot Thomas Hogben was born on 8 December 1895 and died in North Wales on 22 August 1975. He was the son of Thomas Hogben a dry-salter from Southsea. In World War I he was imprisoned as a conscientious objector, but in World War II his Marxist ideals influenced him to fight the common enemy by serving as a colonel on the War Office staff. After 1918 he lectured, first in zoology at Imperial College London, then in physiology at Edinburgh, then as assistant professor at McGill University, Montreal. From 1927 to 1930 he was Professor of Zoology in Cape Town, then returned to the London School of Economics to a Chair of Social Biology. There he applied his mathematical expertise to the study of the genetics of the fruit fly Drosophila in his investigations into human population studies. In 1936 he was elected FRS, and he was appointed Regius Professor of Natural History at Aberdeen in the following year. He resigned in 1941 to become Professor of Zoology at Birmingham, and from 1947 to 1961 he occupied the Chair of Medical Statistics specially created there for him. After retirement he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the new University of Guyana until 1963.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.