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Netherlandish family of artists, active in northern Europe. (1) Nicolas Hogenberg worked in Mechelen for most of his career, producing prints with religious and historical subjects. His son Remigius Hogenberg (b Mechelen, c. 1536; d ?England, c. 1588) worked as an engraver. In 1570 Remigius executed a View of Münster (Hollstein, no. 20), which suggests a visit to that city, but by 1573 he was in the service of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Matthew Parker, whose portrait he engraved in the same year (h 16). He worked on the Genealogy of English and French Kings (1574; h 19) for Parker and produced a number of maps of English counties for Christopher Saxton's Atlas of England and Wales (1579). The existence of several portraits of Huguenot nobles (e.g. Charles, Duc de Lorraine, h 6) indicates a possible visit to France. (2) Franz Hogenberg, also Nicolas's son, worked mainly in England and Germany and is noted for his Civitates orbis terrarum, an atlas containing maps of Europe. Franz Hogenberg's two sons, Johann [Hans] Hogenberg (b ?Munich, c. 1550; fl 1594–1614) and Abraham Hogenberg (fl 1608–after 1653), were both engravers. Johann worked in Mechelen and Cologne, mainly as a portrait engraver, but he produced a few religious subjects and a series of 12 plates depicting birds and animals (h 43–54). Abraham Hogenberg assisted his father with the plates for Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum orbis terrarum (Antwerp, 1570) and designed and engraved frontispieces for booksellers, possibly also working in Cologne.(1) Nicolas [Nikolaus; Hans; Johann] Hogenberg (b ?Munich, c. 1500; d Mechelen, before 23 Sept 1539). Engraver, etcher and woodcutter. It is thought that he worked in Augsburg in the early years of the century, but he is recorded in Mechelen by 1527. Hogenberg has been identified by Friedländer as the Monogrammist NH, an artist who executed a number of fine woodcuts and etchings dated 1522–4, including a pair depicting The Patriarchs and a Group of Saints with SS Peter and Christopher (1524; h 17, 20), and Jeremiah Dropped into the Pit (1525; h 2), in all of which the artist depicts monumental figures in a classicizing and Italian style, with strong chiaroscuro effects and frequent use of foreshortening; the architectural backgrounds have pronounced verticals and horizontals. Hogenberg etched a frieze consisting of 40 plates representing the Entry of the Emperor Charles V into Bologna (1530; h 31–70), suggesting a possible visit to Italy. Four etchings of the Life and Death of Margaret of Austria (1530; h 27–30) are also attributed to the artist. Van Mander stated that Hogenberg worked as a painter and produced a series of scenes from the History of Caleb and Joshua for a chapel in Mechelen Cathedral. After Hogenberg's death, Frans Crabbe took over his workshop and issued a number of his prints.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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