the ‘Ettrick Shepherd’, was born in Ettrick Forest and became a shepherd. His poetic gift was discovered by Sir W. Scott, to whom he had sent poems for Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border. His early ballads were published as The Mountain Bard (1807). He made his reputation as a poet with The Queen's Wake (1813). He became the friend of Byron, Wordsworth, Southey, and John Murray. He was on the editorial board of Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, to which he frequently contributed, notably to the ‘Noctes Ambrosianae’; and he conceived the idea of the notorious ‘Chaldee MS’ of 1819. His chief prose works are The Three Perils of Man (1822), The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (1824), and The Domestic Manners and Private Life of Sir Walter Scott (1834). Wordsworth wrote a poem ‘Upon the Death of James Hogg’.