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Hogup Cave, Utah, USA


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Archaic Stage hunter‐gatherer site 120 km northwest of Salt Lake City in the Great Basin of North America. Deposits within the cave accumulated over thousands of years to reach a thickness of 4.2 m. Best represented is material from 9000 bc to ad 500, the Bonneville, Wendover, and Black Rock phases of the Desert Archaic. Excavations by C. M. Alkens during the 1960s revealed that the hunter‐gatherers using Hogup Cave relied heavily on plant foods, especially pickleweed. They also hunted deer, pronghorn antelope, wild sheep, and bison. The cave deposits yielded the remains of a total of 32 species of animals and 34 species of birds. Spear‐throwers, together with stone‐tipped and wooden spears, were used in hunting, as well as snaring and netting.

Rep.:

C. M. Alkens, 1970, Hogup Cave. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press

Subjects: Archaeology.


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