Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin

(1770—1843) German poet

Related Overviews

G. W. F. Hegel (1770—1831) German philosopher

Friedrich von Schelling (1775—1854)


Martin Heidegger (1889—1976) German philosopher

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »


More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Literature
  • Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art


Quick Reference


German lyric poet. Hölderlin trained as a theologian at the university of Tubingen where he met Schelling and Hegel. In his novel Hyperion (1797/99), Hölderlin venerated the sacred aspects of nature, and attempted to unite religion and art as ‘overseers of reason’. But his interest to philosophy derives not from any theory or doctrine, but from his influence on a variety of thinkers from Schiller to Heidegger. He epitomizes the poet as youthful, idealistic, Romantic, blessed with superior knowledge, and above all as someone standing ‘bare-headed beneath God's thunderstorms’, midway between the Gods and man, and so inevitably doomed. He became incurably but harmlessly insane in 1807.

Subjects: Literature — Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »

Works by Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin