Henry Holland was born in Knutsford in Cheshire on 27 October 1788 and died in London, eighty-five years later to the day, on 27 October 1873. He was the son of Peter Holland, medical practitioner, and the great nephew on his mother's side of Josiah Wedgwood, through whom he was related to Charles Darwin. Holland received his early education at a private school in Knutsford. In 1799, at the age of eleven, he went to Newcastle-upon-Tyne to live and study with the Revd W. Turner. After an additional year of instruction under Dr John Prior Estlin near Bristol, Holland left school to begin work as an articled clerk in a major Liverpool commercial establishment. As a privilege of his clerkship, Holland was given the opportunity of furthering his education through attendance at Glasgow University. This he did, enrolling in the sessions of 1804–1805 and 1805–1806. At Glasgow he came into association with the young William Hamilton, with whom he engaged in frequent and spirited philosophical debate. Two unpublished student essays from the period, one ‘On Liberty and Necessity’, the other ‘On the Passions in their Relation to the Intellectual Nature of Man’, indicate the nature of his early philosophical interests.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.