Jodocus Hondius

(1563—1612) engraver and cartographer

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Gerardus Mercator (1512—1594) Flemish geographer and cartographer

Thomas Cavendish (1560—1592) explorer

Francis Drake (c. 1540—1596) pirate, sea captain, and explorer

John Speed (1552—1629) historian and cartographer


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(1563–1611), Flemish cartographer, a native of Ghent who c.1583 moved to London, where he established himself as an engraver and type founder specializing in cartography; in 1593 he returned to the Netherlands, where he re-established his business in Amsterdam. His best-known works were his two maps constructed on the Mercator projection, one containing an image of a Christian knight and the other marking the voyages of Cavendish and Drake. His other work included the maps that he engraved for John Speed's Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain (1611–12). In 1604 Hondius bought Mercator's plates, and in 1606 he produced a Mercator atlas which contained 37 new plates; this atlas was to sell in large numbers for decades.

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

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