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Arabic sharaf, ird, ihtiram, izzah, or namus. Culturally understood as a sign of God's pleasure and part of one's Muslim identity. May be displayed through ownership of land and resources, family solidarity, the chastity of women, and the personal characteristics of courage, generosity, hospitality, independence, wisdom, honesty, self-control, actions guided by reason, disinclination to conflict, avoidance of degradation of others, mastery of culture, and verbal skill, particularly in poetry recitation.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Islam.

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