A British botanist and authority on cryptogamic botany, who became the first director (1841–65) of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew (and was succeeded by his son, Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker). He studied the botany of Iceland (1809) and of France, Switzerland, and northern Italy (1814). He was appointed regius professor of botany at the University of Glasgow in 1820. He wrote prolifically, his works including Tour of Iceland (1811), two volumes of Musci Exotica (1818–20), Flora Scotica (1821), Icones Filicum (with R. K. Greville, 1829–31), British Flora (with G. A. W. Arnott et al., 1830), and British Ferns (1861–2).
Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Plant Sciences and Forestry.