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A word that came in the late 19th century to refer to members of unruly male youth groups. It had too a judgemental dimension, in that such groups were perceived as a threat to the established social order, and debate about hooliganism has often generated moral panics. In sport, the term has been most widely used in relation to fans and their behaviours, and in particular the very public and visible profile and practices of members of football hooligan groupings and gangs.

Subjects: British History.

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