(1753–1819) Revolutionary army officer from Albemarle County, Virginia, whose ardor for fighting and devotion to duty impressed George Washington early in the conflict. Hopkins participated in the battles of Trenton (1776), Princeton (1777), Brandywine (1777), Germantown (1777), and Monmouth (1778). During the War of 1812, as commander in chief of the western frontier, he led a failed expedition against hostile Indian villages in Illinois, shortly after which he retired from military service. Hopkins, who had settled in western Kentucky after the Revolution, also had an active political career. Between the wars, he served extended terms in both the state house and senate, and in 1813 he was elected to the U.S. Congress.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.