(1856–1919) married (1881) Ellen Crump (d. 1914). His father was a Church of England clergyman. Although both parents were Irish, he was born in Nottingham and educated at St John's, Leatherhead, and Oundle Grammar School. Mortimer Collins (1827–76) was his wife's stepfather. He wrote novels from 1886, and was especially interested in penal reform, which figures in both fiction and non-fiction. He was on the literary staff of the Daily Chronicle and the Nation, and edited works by the Irish writer William Carleton (1794–1869). Some of his fiction is set in Ireland. As a result of illness and depression his income, which had been £200 p.a. in 1909–12, was reduced, and in 1913 he applied to the Royal Literary Fund, making four applications over the next five years. In 1918 he sold his house in Herne Bay and went back to live with relations in Ireland. The only fictional work of his in this period is The Silent Gate: A Voyage into Prison (1900), a series of stories stressing the psychological effects of imprisonment and detailing the daily life of inmates.
From The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction in Oxford Reference.