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Goddesses of the seasons. Hesiod makes them daughters of Zeus and of Themis (‘Divine Law’) and names them Eunomia (‘Good Order’), Dike (‘Justice’), and Eirēnē (‘Peace’). They guard the gates of Olympus, and are regularly linked with the birth, upbringing, and marriages of gods and heroes; common associates are the Graces or Charites, Demeter ‘bringer of the Seasons’, and Aphrodite. In a grand procession of Ptolemy 1 II Philadelphus in the 3rd cent. bc marched four Horae, each bearing her appropriate fruits. Such differentiated ‘season Horae’ were a favourite theme of Graeco‐Roman art thenceforth.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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