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1 In American archaeology this term refers to patterns of locally distinct phases or cultures that are linked together into bigger groups through recurrent cultural patterns and/or distinctive artefacts. Stone tools or pottery types provide typical features defining widespread horizons. The term was introduced by G. Willey and P. Phillips in 1955.

2 A specific layer or recognizable subdiv‐ision of a natural or anthropogenic soil profile.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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