Russian-born pianist, resident in the USA.
After studying with Felix Blumenfeld (1863–1931) at the Kiev Conservatory, Horowitz began giving concerts at the age of twenty: his prodigious talent amazed even the most sophisticated audiences. His first visit to London was in 1928; a 1930 performance of the Rachmaninoff D minor concerto with Willem Mengelberg (1871–1951) conducting the London Symphony Orchestra has become legendary. In 1928 he first toured the USA, giving recitals and playing concertos with the leading orchestras; he decided to settle there, and in 1933 he married Toscanini's daughter Wanda. Horowitz's technical perfection and stylish interpretation made him the king of players. In 1936 an illness that started with appendicitis and extended into a series of nervous complications threatened to shorten his career. However, he made a comeback in Paris and London in 1939 with renewed mastery. He officially retired in 1950 from the concert platform, but continued to give occasional recitals and to record. In 1986 he returned to the Soviet Union to give a concert. His many awards included the Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medal (1972).