horizontal segregation

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Is a concept that describes a workplace where different types of jobs in the organization can be distinguished by the particular characteristics of the employees doing those jobs. Examples of horizontal segregation can be found in most organizations—for instance, in many university departments almost all the secretarial staff are women and most of the technicians are men; or in a hotel, the receptionist is more likely to be a woman and the porter is usually a man. In these examples, the horizontal segregation is on the basis of sex, but it can also apply to other characteristics such as race/ethnicity, age, and disability. Whilst the type of segregation can differ, its impact is similar because it ghettoizes certain people into particular jobs and thereby limits their opportunities. It is also frequently based on stereotypes of what is considered appropriate work for particular groups. When it is combined with vertical segregation, it has a particularly adverse effect on equal opportunities.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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