Master of the Hortulus Animae

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(flafter 1510). Name devised by Winkler to cover the supposed artist of a group of south Netherlandish illuminations that has subsequently been attributed among various artists. The central manuscript of the group was a German translation by Sebastian Brant of the Hortulus animae (Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., Cod. 2706) copied from the editions printed in Strasbourg in 1510. The codex is richly decorated with 36 full-page pictures, 29 smaller miniatures, 29 historiated borders and 2 historiated initials. Winkler tentatively identified the Master of the Hortulus Animae as Gerard Horenbout (see Horenbout). This hypothesis was demolished when Georges Hulin de Loo discovered documented works by Horenbout. After this the miniatures of the Vienna Hortulus animae were attributed (even by Winkler himself) to Simon Bening (see Bening, (2)). The Older Prayerbook of Maximilian (Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., Cod. 1907), which was included in Winkler's original group, became the central manuscript of a group defined by Hulin de Loo as the work of the master of the Older prayerbook of maximilian. Both the attribution of the Hortulus animae to Simon Bening and the partial replacement of the Master of the Hortulus Animae by the Master of the Older Prayerbook of Maximilian are generally accepted.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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