(orig. Hovinga; b Groningen, 5 Sept. 1912; d San Francisco, 5 Jan. 2000)
Dutch-US dancer, choreographer, and teacher. He studied with Georgi in Holland and Jooss at Dartington, performing with Ballets Jooss before moving to the US in the mid-1940s where he danced in the companies of Graham, Bettis, and Limón. With the last he created roles in Limón's Le Malinche (1949), The Moor's Pavane (1949), and Emperor Jones (1956), also in Humphrey's Night Spell (1951) and Ruins and Visions (1953). His performance as the Friend, or Iago, in The Moor's Pavane conveyed a malevolence which many think has never been surpassed. In the early 1960s he formed his own company for which he choreographed several works, notably Icarus (mus. Shin-Ichi Matsushita, 1963) which has been revived by Ailey and other companies. He taught at various institutions including Juilliard School, Essen Folkwang School, and Swedish State Dance School and was director of Rotterdam Dance Academy (1971–8). He continued to teach and to choreograph, including Pits and Thumbs (mus. Xenakis, Lucas Hoving Performance Group, 1984) and Rush Hour (Dance Company Reflex, Netherlands, 1990), and in 1984 founded the Dancelab in San Francisco which became the Lucas Hoving Performance Group in 1985. In 1984 he returned to the stage in an autobiographical solo created for him by Remy Charlip, Growing up in Public.