Luke Howard

(1772—1864) manufacturing chemist and meteorologist

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Luke Howard (1621—1699) Quaker activist and writer


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An English meteorologist who was the first person to devise a successful classification system for clouds, which he published in 1803 as a paper, ‘On the Modifications of Clouds’. He defined four main and several secondary cloud types, calling the main types ‘stratus’, ‘cumulus’, ‘cirrus’, and ‘nimbus’. He became very well known and his classification system forms the basis of the one used today. Howard was trained and earned his living as an apothecary. He lived in London.

Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

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