Ohio-born poet, after an A.B. and M.A. from Columbia and study at the Sorbonne published his first collections, Quantities (1962) and The Damages (1967), followed by the Pulitzer Prize-winning Untitled Subjects (1969), written in syllabic verse and presenting 15 dramatic monologues of 19th-century writers, artists, and composers. Findings (1971) and Fellow Feelings (1976) present further dramatic monologues, while Two-Part Inventions (1974) consists of six fictitious dialogues, such as one between Oscar Wilde and Whitman in the latter's home. Misgivings (1979) contains commentaries of Sarah Bernhardt, Victor Hugo, and other subjects on their portraits by the French photographer Nadar, and Lining Up (1984) contains further dramatic monologues and dialogues. Alone with America (1969) is a prose work on 41 contemporary U.S. poets, and Preferences (1974) is his edition with commentary on works chosen by 51 contemporary American poets from their own writings and from favorite works of the past. Howard has also translated (1982) Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal.