William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham

(c. 1510—1573) naval commander

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(c. 1510–73).

Howard was a younger son of Thomas, 2nd duke of Norfolk, who died in 1524. He was great‐uncle to Princess Elizabeth. In the 1530s he served as ambassador to Scotland and to France but was in danger in 1542 when his niece Catherine Howard was executed. For the last 20 years of his life he held high office continuously as lord high admiral 1553–8, lord chamberlain 1558–72, and lord privy seal 1572–3. He gained some displeasure by protecting the Princess Elizabeth, and on her succession in 1558 he was in high favour. His son Charles commanded the fleet against the Spanish Armada.

Subjects: British History.

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