Charles Howard, 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham and 1st earl of Nottingham

(c. 1536—1624) naval commander

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(c. 1536–1624).

Howard took advantage of his high birth to sustain a long and distinguished career. Anne Boleyn was his first cousin. He was a grandson of the 2nd duke of Norfolk, the hero of Flodden; he went on to serve Mary as lord high admiral and Elizabeth as lord chamberlain. In 1569 he accompanied Hunsdon on the campaign which crushed the northern rebellion and in 1575 was given the Garter. In 1585 he was appointed lord high admiral for life, holding the position until he was 83: he held supreme command when the Armada was destroyed in 1588. In 1596, with Essex, he stormed Cadiz to forestall another Armada. The following year he was created earl of Nottingham and served as lord high steward until 1615.

Subjects: British History.

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