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HR roles


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Are the different tasks and responsibilities that human resource managers can occupy within employing organizations. Researchers who have examined the human resource function have established that there is no standard job for an HR manager but a variety of positions, functions, and approaches. Several typologies of HR managers have emerged from this work, with one of the best known and most influential produced by the US scholar, David Ulrich. His prescriptive typology sets out four HR roles that HR managers need to adopt if they are to become more effective. These roles are: (1) business or strategic partner, a role that involves auditing and redesigning HR systems to ensure that business strategy can be effectively implemented; (2) administrative expert, a role that involves providing efficient support and advice to line managers, typically through an intra-net or shared services centre; (3) employee advocate, or champion, who represents the views of workers within the management team; (4) change agent, a role that involves initiating change within the organization and using HR management as a basis for developing new business strategies and capacities. Ulrich's typology has been elaborated since it was first developed and he has identified new roles that HR managers can play, including that of functional expert and human capital developer. [See architect model, clerk of works model, handmaiden, and three-legged model.]

(1) business or strategic partner, a role that involves auditing and redesigning HR systems to ensure that business strategy can be effectively implemented; (2) administrative expert, a role that involves providing efficient support and advice to line managers, typically through an intra-net or shared services centre; (3) employee advocate, or champion, who represents the views of workers within the management team; (4) change agent, a role that involves initiating change within the organization and using HR management as a basis for developing new business strategies and capacities.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.


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