RC theologian and philosopher. He had a cosmopolitan education and settled in England in 1867. He found himself in growing accord with the cultural and liberalizing tendencies in the RC Church and several of the leaders of the Modernist Movement became his friends. In 1908 he published The Mystical Element of Religion as studied in St Catherine of Genoa and her Friends. It was followed by an article on Jn. in the 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1911), Eternal Life (1912), Essays and Addresses on the Philosophy of Religion (1921–6), and The Reality of God (1931; part of a course of Gifford Lectures which he was unable to deliver). He was concerned with the relation of Christianity to history, the place of human culture in the Christian life, and the significance of eschatology. He saw the Institutional, the Intellectual, and the Mystical as the three abiding elements in religion. He became one of the chief religious influences in cultured circles in England, more so outside the RC Church than within it.