Methodist minister. He was among the first Nonconformist leaders to espouse the cause of ‘Christian Socialism’. He became a spokesman for ‘the Nonconformist Conscience’, for demands that the State should intervene to uphold a code of Christian practice. In 1885 he started the Methodist Times, a weekly which became a leading organ of Nonconformist opinion. He worked to secure co-operation between Nonconformist bodies and in 1896 became first President of the National Council of the Evangelical Free Churches.