Thomas Hughes

(1822—1896) social reformer and children's writer

Related Overviews

school stories

Frederick Denison Maurice (1805—1872) Church of England clergyman and theologian

Thomas Arnold (1795—1842) headmaster and historian


See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »


'Thomas Hughes' can also refer to...

Sir Thomas Hughes (fl. c. 1561—1633) lawyer and playwright

Thomas John Hughes (1853—1927) journalist

Thomas McKenny Hughes (1832—1917) geologist, speleologist, and archaeologist

Thomas Rowland Hughes (1903—1949) novelist and poet

Thomas Smart Hughes (1786—1847) historian


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Literature


Quick Reference


educated at Oriel College, Oxford, was a barrister and Liberal MP and, under the influence of F. D. Maurice, devoted much energy to Working Men's Education, the Co‐operative movement, etc. He is remembered as the author of Tom Brown's Schooldays (1857, by ‘An Old Boy’), which evokes the Rugby of his youth and his veneration for its headmaster, Dr T. Arnold. Hughes condemned, in the character of the tyrannical Flashman, the bullying prevalent in public schools of the day, and advocated a form of what came to be known as ‘muscular Christianity’, which attempted to combine Christian principles with physical courage, self‐reliance, love of sport, school loyalty, and patriotism, a mixture that had much impact on the public school ethos. Hughes wrote several biographies, memoirs, one other novel, and various sermons and addresses.

Subjects: Literature.

Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »

Works by Thomas Hughes