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Agricultural settlements established by Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud from 1911–12 through the 1920s in central Arabia to settle the Bedouin, provide them with religious and military training, and consolidate Saudi control over them. The move from nomadic life to settled life in a community founded on Islamic principles symbolized the migration (hijrah) from a land of unbelief (dar al-harb) to a land of belief (dar al-Islam).

See also Ikhwan; Saud, Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-

Subjects: Islam.

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