Sayyid Ali al- Hujwiri

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(d. 1072) Medieval Sufi intellectual and theoretician. Wrote a major theoretical work entitled Kashf al-mahjub (Revealing the hidden), which enumerated twelve theoretical schools of Sufism, ten of which were approved and two of which were condemned. Outlined the doctrines of each sect. Declared that the ten approved sects asserted truth and belonged to the mass of orthodox Muslims. Condemned the Hululi sect for the adoption of beliefs about incarnation, incorporation, and anthropomorphism and the Hallaji sect for the abandonment of sacred law. Like al-Ghazali and Ibn al-Arabi, Hujwiri sought to establish balance among all dimensions of Islamic thought and practice, with Sufism as the animating spirit of the whole. He idealized celibacy and declared that women cause all evil in the world.

Subjects: Islam.

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