Overview

Hukm


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In the Quran hukm denotes arbitration, judgment, authority, God's will. With no central legal power in the post-Medina Muslim society, the noun acquired new meanings over time, with hukm coming to refer to temporal executive rule/power or to a court decision and the plural, akham, referring to specific Quranic rules, positive fiqh laws derived from Islamic legal methodology, and rules or edicts. Early in Muslim history, the Kharijis' declaration to accept only hukm of God gave the word a political connotation.

Subjects: Islam.


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