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David Hume

(1711—1776) philosopher and historian


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Adam Smith (1723—1790) moral philosopher and political economist

John Locke (1632—1704) philosopher

Edward Gibbon (1737—1794) historian

scepticism

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(1711–76)

Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. His philosophy rejected the possibility of certainty in knowledge, and he agreed with John Locke that there are no innate ideas, only a series of subjective sensations, and that all the data of reason stem from experience. His philosophical legacy is particularly evident in the work of 20th-century empiricist philosophers. In economics, he attacked mercantilism and anticipated the views of such economists as Adam Smith. Among his chief works are A Treatise of Human Nature (1739–40) and a five-volume History of England (1754–62).

Subjects: philosophy.


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Works by David Hume