duke of Gloucester Humphrey

(1390—1447) prince, soldier, and literary patron

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youngest son of Henry IV, ‘the Good Duke Humphrey’. he was appointed protector on the death of Henry V in 1422 and acted as regent, 1420–21 and periodically until 1431, in place of his brother, the duke of Bedford. He owes the epithet ‘Good’ only to his patronage of men of letters, including Lydgate and Capgrave. He promoted Renaissance humanism in England and gave the first books for a library at Oxford; still named after him is the oldest part of the Bodleian which was built to house his bequest in the 15th cent.

Subjects: Literature — British History.

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