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An administrative division of a shire and the forerunner of the modern district in England. Particularly important in Saxon times but gradually declined as other forms of administration developed. A court was held monthly within the hundred at a fixed open‐air location. It was presided over by the hundred reeve, representing the king, and consisted of freeholders who considered minor criminal and civil cases. It could also levy taxes. Manorial and shire courts gradually took over the functions of the hundred court, but as a unit of administration it formally survived until the Local Government Act 1894. In origin, a hundred was either a hundred hides or a hundred families.

Subjects: History — Archaeology.

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