(b Karlsruhe, 8 Aug 1878; d Berlin, 5 Feb 1942). German tenor. He studied in Karlsruhe, where he made his début in 1903. Düsseldorf and Frankfurt claimed him from 1910 to 1917, and he then began a ten-year engagement with the Berlin Staatsoper. Though he sang a wide range of heroic parts, such as Manrico in Il trovatore, he became principally associated with Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss. At Covent Garden in 1913 and 1914 he sang Walther in Die Meistersinger and Parsifal (at the British stage première), and at Drury Lane appeared as Bacchus in the last four of the performances in which Thomas Beecham introduced Ariadne auf Naxos to English audiences. In 1920 he sang the Emperor in the Berlin première of Die Frau ohne Schatten. He was also a member of the German opera company led by Leo Blech which played at the Manhattan Opera House, New York, in 1923, and the following year he sang there in the New York première of Eugen d’Albert's Die toten Augen. His recordings include songs by Strauss in which he is accompanied by the composer and excerpts from a performance of Die Meistersinger showing his style assured and his voice still sturdy at the age of 50.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.