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Formerly a princely state in India. Following an agreement with Lord Curzon in 1902, the Nizams of Hyderabad became rulers of the largest princely state in British India. During the 1920s and 1930s they continually resisted demands from the state congress for more responsible government, and in 1947 the Nizam declared Hyderabad an independent state. The state congress, supported by the Indian National Congress, started civil resistance, and a period of political chaos was ended in September 1948 by the Indian army. The Nizam then accepted pressure that Hyderabad join the Union, with himself as princely Governor. In 1956 Hyderabad ceased to exist as it was subdivided between Andhra Pradesh, Mysore, and Bombay. At that time, the Nizam became a plain citizen of India.

Subjects: Art — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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