A type of half cell in which a metal foil is immersed in a solution of hydrogen ions and hydrogen gas is bubbled over the foil. The standard hydrogen electrode, used in measuring standard electrode potentials, uses a platinum foil with a 1.0 M solution of hydrogen ions, the gas at 1 atmosphere pressure, and a temperature of 25°C. It is written Pt(s)|H2(g), H+(aq), the effective reaction being H2 → 2H++2e.
H2 → 2H++2e.
Subjects: Chemistry — Physics.