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n. the surgical removal of the uterus, either through an incision in the abdominal wall (abdominal hysterectomy) or through the vagina (vaginal hysterectomy). Subtotal hysterectomy (rarely performed now) involves removing the body of the uterus but leaving the neck (cervix); in total hysterectomy the entire uterus is removed. Hysterectomy is performed for cancerous conditions affecting the uterus and for nonmalignant conditions (e.g. fibroids) in which there is excessive menstrual bleeding. Abdominal hysterectomy carries a higher risk of morbidity than vaginal hysterectomy; the latter is therefore the preferred route unless contraindicated.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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