Umar Ibn al-Farid

(d. 1235)

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(d. 1235)

Celebrated Arab poet, mystic, and saint. Composed quatrains, love poems (ghazals), and odes (qasidas) expressing a mystical view of life in which all of existence reveals the beauty and love of God. Most famous are his Al-khamriyyah (Wine ode), praising love and the beloved, and the Nazm al-suluk (Poem of the Sufi way), an ode of 760 verses detailing the mystic's ascent to enlightenment. Today remains venerated as a saint in Cairo, and his influence is heard in the songs of popular religious singers and the writings of Naguib Mahfouz.

Subjects: Philosophy — Islam.

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