Ahmad Ibn Idris

(d. 1837)

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(d. 1837)

Moroccan Sufi teacher and founder of the Idrisi tradition. Opposed the schools of Islamic jurisprudence and all forms of philosophy; believed that God alone grants an individual Muslim understanding of the Quran and Sunnah. Teachings were antiauthoritarian, emphasizing the individual's duty to seek God; the object of the mystical path was union with God. Prayers and teachings show considerable traces of the influence of Ibn al-Arabi (d. 1240). His Idrisi Sufi tradition spread to the Balkans and Istanbul, Syria, Cyrenaica, the central Sahara, Sudan, Somalia, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Principal students included Muhammad ibn Ali al-Sanusi, founder of the Sanusi order; Muhammad Uthman al-Mirghani, founder of the Khatmi order; and Ibrahim al-Rashid, from whom stemmed the Rashidi, Salihi, and Dandarawi orders. Forty years after his death, his son established the Ahmadi Idrisi order, which has remained a local order in Egypt and Sudan.

See also Idrisi Tariqah

Subjects: Islam.

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