; class Amphibia, order Apoda)
A family of amphibians in which the adults are terrestrial and have functional eyes and a small tail. Eggs are laid on land. The gilled, aquatic, larval stage is of variable duration before metamorphosis. Adults burrow but feed on the surface at night, eating earthworms, arthropods, and small vertebrates. There are 43 species, occurring in the New World tropics, southern Asia, and Australia.
Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.