Political positions and activism based on an aspect of identity (e.g. ethnicity, religion, sex, or sexual orientation) shared by a group which feels that its concerns are not adequately represented. It seeks the defence of its rights as a subordinated minority and is reflected in such forms as feminism, gay activism, and religious fundamentalism. Attacked by critics (see also queer theory) as essentialism, its apologists sometimes refer to it as a pragmatic strategy of strategic essentialism in a struggle for equal rights. The related concept of identity work frames identities as the product of processes such as political struggle.