Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Se-Indonesia or Association for Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals. Established in 1990 during President Suharto's rule as a forum for Muslim modernist intellectuals. Headed by Suharto's research and technology minister, B.J. Habibie. Claimed a membership of forty-two thousand during the mid-1990s, including university teachers, journalists, professionals, and high-ranking state officials. Critics maintained that ICMI was formed to counter the influence of more traditional Islamic groups opposed to President Suharto and to provide an intellectual basis for Islamic legitimacy of his regime. Its daily newspaper, Republika, became the most prominent Islamic publication in Indonesia during the 1990s.