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Ikhwan


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Brothers. Term used by many organizations, such as that founded in 1911–12 in Arabia by Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud to settle Bedouins into agricultural communities called hujjar, based on a literal interpretation of the Quran and Sunnah by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. Emphasized public worship and obedience to Islamic law. The Ikhwan formed the backbone of Ibn Saud's army, fighting against nonbelievers who were not part of the hujjar settlements. Forcibly disbanded in 1926 when it opposed the consolidation of the Saudi kingdom and became a threat to Ibn Saud.

See also Hujjar; Saud, Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-

Subjects: Islam.


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