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Was the exemption of a community or an individual from obligations to the Roman state or of an individual from obligations to a local community. Cities acquired immunity from Roman taxation by lex or senatus consultum or imperial decree. See free cities. Immunity for life from Roman taxation could also be granted to individuals. Immunity from local munera (see munus) might be granted either by Rome or by the community. Besides personal grants there was general exemption under the empire for such groups as shippers supplying corn to Rome, and local philosophers, rhetors, and doctors.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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