Important Dates in Biblical History

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c. 1720 Hammurabi ruler of the first Babylonian Empire

c. 1700 Abraham

c. 1250 The Exodus

c. 1200–1020 The Judges

c. 1020 Saul unites the tribes as first king

c. 1000 David is anointed king, and later captures Jerusalem

c. 962 Accession of Solomon; building of the Temple is begun

c. 924 Rehoboam succeeds Solomon; the kingdom is divided when the northern tribes choose Jeroboam as king

c. 880 Omri establishes Samaria as capital of Israel

865 Activity of Elijah

853 Shalmanezer III of Assyria records battle with Ahab of Israel

842 Revolt of Jehu

754/3 Foundation of the city of Rome

734 Syro-Ephraimite conspiracy

727–698 Hezekiah king of Judah

722 Destruction of city of Samaria and end of the independent northern kingdom. Partial deportation

701 Assyrian record of the siege of Jerusalem

698 Manasseh king of Judah

639 Josiah king of Judah; killed in 609

597 Jehoiachin becomes king; Nebuchadrezzar besieges Jerusalem. Partial deportation of inhabitants

586 Jerusalem captured; many inhabitants exiled

586–538 The Babylonian Exile

538–520 The Return from Exile and building of the Second Temple

490 Persians defeated by Athenians at Marathon

445 Nehemiah in Jerusalem

332 Alexander the Great conquers Palestine

323 Empire divided amongst Alexander's generals. Seleucus gains Babylonia

175 Antiochus IV Epiphanes in control

167 Desecration of the Temple and the Maccabean War

164 Judas Maccabaeus defeats Lysias, enters Jerusalem, and rededicates the Temple (14 December)

142–63 Judaean independence

63 Capture of Jerusalem by Pompey

37–4 Herod the Great

20 Reconstruction of the Temple begins

c. 4 Birth of Jesus


6 Judaea placed under control of Roman prefect by Emperor Augustus

14 Tiberius Caesar succeeds Augustus

c. 25 Philo of Alexandria expounds Judaism

26–37 Pontius Pilate prefect of Judaea

c. 30 Crucifixion of Jesus

33 ‘Conversion’ of Paul

41 Execution of James by Herod Agrippa I

49 Expulsion of Jews from Rome by Emperor Claudius

51 Paul before Gallio in Corinth

54 Nero becomes emperor

c. 60 Paul in prison

62 Execution of James the Lord's brother in Jerusalem

64 The great fire in Rome

66–73 The Jewish War

70 Jerusalem captured by Titus; the Temple destroyed

73 Jewish rebels commit suicide after last stand at Masada

81 Domitian becomes emperor

93 Josephus writes his Antiquities of the Jewish People

98 Trajan becomes emperor

c. 115 Letter of Polycarp shows knowledge of gospels

132–5 Second Jewish revolt under Simon Bar-Kochba put down by Romans

c. 135 Aelia Capitolina built on site of Jerusalem by Emperor Hadrian

144 Excommunication of Marcion

c. 170 Celsus: the first literary opponent of Christians

From A Dictionary of the Bible in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Biblical Studies.

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